Asha Rawat, Ayurveda officer at Hardoi, says that cumin is an antioxidant. It contains panacea properties.
Vegetables in India spices It has an important contribution of its own. These spices on the one hand enhance the taste, on the other hand Medicinal properties Also available. Among these medicinal properties, cumin is also an important spice. Dal and other vegetable tarkas are unimaginable without it. Thus, the farmers of Rajasthan and Gujarat are cultivating cumin at a large rate, but now Uttar Pradesh is not behind in this regard. Here in Hardoi district many farmers are cultivating cumin indiscriminately.
On the other hand, Madanlal, a resident of Sandi in Hardoi, said that earlier he used to earn his livelihood by selling vegetables. In addition to this, he used to cultivate rice and wheat to make a living. He said that a friend from Farrukhabad advised him to cultivate cumin. Now he is cultivating cumin along with other crops. He is getting a lot of profit by cultivating cumin. All crops are proving to be failures in front of it.
The plant reaches a height of about 50 cm.
He said that the botanical name of cumin is Cuminum Cyminum. It is a flowering plant belonging to the apiaceae family. It was formerly cultivated in the plateau region and around the Mediterranean Sea. But now it is being cultivated rapidly in North India as well. A lot of profit is made by selling its seeds. It is used as a spice in cuisines across India. Its plant reaches a height of about 50 cm. The green fields exude a unique style when the flowers bloom.
25 to 30 degree temperature is considered suitable for cumin crop.
Madanlal said that normal dry and cool climate is required for cumin cultivation. Crops sown in winter ripen and are ready for harvesting during summer. Cumin grows well in dry and hot climates. For its cultivation, sandy loam soil with normal pH value is required. Most farmers sow it along with rabi crops. 25 to 30 degree temperature is considered suitable for cumin crop. At temperatures below 10°C it starts to have the opposite effect on plants.
Providing good quality information
Farmers said that about 8 quintals of cumin are available in 1 hectare. The price of cumin in the market is around 35,000 to 40,000 taka, which has increased a lot compared to the past. Cultivation of cumin is a profitable venture, the farmers in the vicinity are also now turning to the Department of Horticulture and Department of Agriculture for cultivation of cumin, from which good quality information is being provided to the farmers.
Hardoi Deputy Director of Agriculture Dr. Nandkishore said that farmers are being made aware from time to time for spice cultivation. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra at Hardoi has been setting up chowpals to inform farmers about improved varieties. Improved varieties of cumin are Z 19, RZ 209 etc. Many excellent varieties have been developed by the Agricultural Research Department, yielding up to 10 quintals per hectare. Cultivation of cumin is 120 days. The month of November is considered suitable for sowing cumin.
Distance from one tree to another is kept about 1 feet.
About 15 kg of refined cumin is sown per hectare. It is treated first. This sowing is done by sprinkling method. After making a bed and spreading it on the ground, the seeds are buried about one and a half centimeters below the soil. Some farmers also sow the field by drill method. Distance from one tree to another is kept about 1 feet. The seeds are sown in rows at a distance of about 15 cm. It is mandatory to test the soil before sowing the seeds in the field.
Second irrigation is given at an interval of 15 days
According to the report, farmers should use fertilizers and manure according to field conditions. About 10 tonnes of compost or cow dung is required per hectare. It uses about 65 kg DAP, 9 kg urea, 33 kg urea after irrigation. Depending on the moisture content, second irrigation is given at an interval of about 15 days. Where the third irrigation should be given after about 25 days. During irrigation, water is released slowly to the land, as there is a risk of rotting the plants.
Weed and disease control measures for cumin cultivation
Cultivation of cumin has a high risk of weeds, as its vegetation is very dense. The first weeding is required after 25 days of plant growth and the second weeding is required after about 20 days. For weed control, making up the right solution of Oxadierzil and spraying it after sowing reduces the weeds. Apart from this there is a possibility of wilt disease, stress disease and scorch disease in cumin cultivation. For this, farmer brothers need to visit their nearest Horticulture Department or Agriculture Department to get information about proper drugs to control termites etc.
Cumin is a mine of unlimited medicinal properties
Asha Rawat, Ayurveda officer at Hardoi, says that cumin is an antioxidant. It contains panacea properties. It is effective in reducing inflammation and relaxing muscles. It is rich in minerals, magnesium zinc, manganese potassium, calcium, copper and iron. Vitamin C, E, A are also found in it. It is also rich in vitamin B complex. Cumin is useful for stomach ache, indigestion, gas etc. It is also rich in iron and calcium. If you do not sleep, you will sleep by using Zilla in the banana. Many diseases can be solved if consumed in the right way in consultation with the doctor. It is a small but big Ayurvedic gem which is among the best medicines of Ayurveda.