Find out what multiple sclerosis is, why there is no cure
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the central nervous system. This disease is not directly genetic.
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Hollywood actress Selma Blair quit the competition show “Dancing with the Stars” on Monday, citing health reasons. The actress revealed that she in 2018 Multiple sclerosis (multiple sclerosis) has been reported. this central nervous system a disease He told his partner Sasha Farber, “My condition has been monitored for a long time and I am in touch with my doctors. I underwent an MRI and after the results came, I came to know that I will not be able to continue with this competition show. “My bones are bruised and swollen, and coming to this show I could do more damage to my body, which I definitely don’t want.”
Dr. Sumit Kumar, Neurologist at Regency Superspeciality Hospital spoke to Tv9 about the disease and said, Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects the central nervous system. The disease is not directly genetic, but people with multiple sclerosis are more likely to develop it. Siblings or children of someone with multiple sclerosis are also at risk of developing the disease. According to estimates, this disease is found in about two-three out of 100 people.
“With the increasing number of neurologists and the easy and cheap availability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), more cases are now being diagnosed,” he said.
What are the common symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
He said that these symptoms should be observed for early detection of multiple sclerosis:
Weakness in Limbs: The person may experience weakness in the legs and arms and find it difficult to move easily.
Numbness and tingling sensation: A pins and needles sensation in the body is one of the early symptoms of multiple sclerosis and can affect the face, body, arms and legs.
Lhermitte’s sign: A person may feel an electric shock-like sensation when they move their neck.
Bladder problems: A person may have difficulty urinating or feel the need to urinate frequently or. Lack of bladder control is an early symptom of multiple sclerosis.
Dr. Kumar said, “Apart from the symptoms mentioned above, there are some other early symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Bowel incontinence can cause constipation and pain.
One may experience fatigue that may impair a person’s ability to function at work or at home and is one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Spasticity and muscle cramps are also early symptoms of multiple sclerosis.
Damage to the tissue present in the bones of the spine
Dr. Kumar explains, “It can damage the nerve fibers in the spinal cord. It can cause painful spasms in the muscles of the brain, including the legs. Some people may experience tremors due to MS. Some people may have problems with double or blurred vision. Double vision is seeing two things. This can cause partial or complete loss of vision. Multiple sclerosis can change the way people walk due to muscle weakness and balance problems.
Demyelination and nerve fiber damage in the brain can also cause mental changes in a person, he added. According to him, “Focusing, planning, learning, prioritizing and multitasking can be difficult for many. Neuropathic pain is caused by multiple sclerosis. Sometimes it includes problems like headache, hearing loss, itching, shortness of breath, difficulty speaking and difficulty swallowing.
There is no cure for this disease
Dr. Kumar said, “Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for multiple sclerosis. However, much research is underway to develop new and improved therapies (DMTs) for this disease of the central nervous system.”
Medications reduce the frequency and severity of multiple sclerosis attacks. Most therapies approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since the early 1990s are effective in managing multiple sclerosis, helping 85-90 percent of people with the disease.
Although there are medications that can reduce the frequency of multiple sclerosis attacks, the disease cannot be completely eradicated because there are risk factors for the condition that you cannot change. such as age and genetics.
Dr. Kumar concludes, “However, by making a few changes in your lifestyle, your risk of developing multiple sclerosis can be reduced. Its progression can be slowed through diet, exercise, medication and early detection.
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